Institut für Stadtgeschichte 
Karmeliterkloster, Frankfurt am Main

Chronology, Chronological Table (1)

Chronological Table: ... 13th century

3000 B. C. Evidence of humans on Frankfurt's Domhügel (Cathedral Hill) goes back to the early neolithic period.
83 A. D. Under the Roman Emperor Domitian a settlement and a military supply base are built on the Domhügel for the Roman fortress at Nida (near Heddernheim).
ca. 260 Alemannic tribes raid and occupy the settlement on the river Main.
from 531 The Alemannians are replaced by the Franconians as rulers of the lower Main area, and a Franconian royal court is built on the Domhügel.
794 Franconofurd is mentioned for the first time in documents under Charlemagne.
815-822 Louis the Pious builds a prestigious royal estate on the Domhügel.
852 The imperial chapel (St. Salvator, later St. Bartholomew's) is inaugurated as the predecessor of today's cathedral. Frankfurt is the capital of the East Franconian empire, alongside Regensburg.
ca. 1140 When the imperial palace becomes dilapidated, a new royal castle, called Saalhof, is built on the edge of the Domhügel. Merchants and craftsmen settle on the former royal estate.
1147 First clearly documented royal election in Frankfurt.
1150 First mention of Frankfurt trade fairs (Autumn Fair).
1219 Frederick II gives Frankfurt citizens a plot of land for the construction of a chapel (St. Leonhard's Church). In this context, the people of Frankfurt are mentioned for the first time as „citizens“.
1220 Frederick II withdraws the office of royal governor in Frankfurt. The governor is replaced by an imperial sheriff.
1222 First mention of a stone bridge across the river Main.
1240 Frederick II pledges royal protection to and from Frankfurt trade fairs.
1241 Frankfurt's Jewish community is killed in a pogrom. Jews do not return to Frankfurt again until 1255. In a tax directory Frankfurt is mentioned as the economically most significant royal city in the German empire.
1254 During the Interregnum Frankfurt joins the Association of Rhenish Towns whose members conclude a general peace treaty.
1266 For the first time documents mention not only the sheriff, who is appointed by the king, but also councillors as representatives of the citizens.
1297 A selection of Frankfurt rights and liberties is recorded by the city's sheriff, lay judges, city council and citizens in the First City Charter.


© Helmut Nordmeyer, Translation: Hugh Beyer

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